Human Robot Collaboration
Dagmar Reinhardt & Glenda Caldwell
Volume 6, issue 3-4, December 2022
Summary and scope
Human-robot interactions (HRI) can offer alternatives and new pathways for construction industries, industrial growth and skilled labour, particularly in the context of industry 4.0. As robot applications move from highly structured factory environments with isolated workspaces to human-robot collaborative and coexistent work zones, robots are increasingly equipped with sensors and systems that increase their interactive and responsive capacities, allowing for safer implementation in diverse use cases, and a wider range of program and task applications. These human robot collaborations extend from sophisticated protocols for co-work with six-axis industrial arms, or remote control thereof, towards collaborations with mobile or onsite robots and robot systems.
The potential of collaborative robots (CoBots) will have a significant impact on the future of the construction industry. Recent studies investigate acceptance of CoBots by subject matter experts; survey industry requirements and frameworks for adaptation; and provide preliminary assessments of CoBot acceptance. Researchers and industry analyse and reconsider processes and sequences of work protocols for standard architecture robots; and explore interfaces, toolkits and user oriented design. Motion capture and tracking systems for a collaborative framework between human and robot co-workers and augmented robot simulation will help define new ways for task organization and action frameworks between human and machine. CoBots and human-robot approaches will increasingly act as labour support and collaborative resources for construction processes that require precision, adaptability and variability, but also offer new paradigms for movement, materials, fabrications, tasks and actions.
Modeling & Simulation
Christian Schlette & Mahesh Daas
Volume 4, issue 3-4, December 2020
Summary and scope
As the robotics community continues to grow, we see an increased use of automation in diverse fields, from academics to creatives and from architects to engineers and contractors. The applications being developed have likewise grown in ambition and complexity. The
In this context it is important that robot
From Craft to Construction
Andrew John Wit
Volume 4, issue 1-2, June 2020
This issue of the Journal on Construction Robotics examines the ways in which experimental research impacts the construction site. By examining the connection (and gaps) between experimental research and industrial-scale construction, this issue examines the current and future role of robotics in the AEC industry.
This issue seeks articles which detail the transfer of technology from academic/experimental research to architecture, engineering and construction. To advance the field of Construction Robotics, we seek to share projects where experiments are maturing into on site methods. We are seeking critical inquiries which examine the space between current experimental investigations and the path to construction level application, highlighting a way forward. This can include an analysis of technology needing further development before industrial implementation occurs.
This topic issue expands the community of construction robotics past the traditional divide between research and practice. We are seeking technical design/engineering research articles which document and demonstrate that the lessons learned from digital craftsmanship have the power to impact the construction industry in real ways. From partnerships between industry and academia to architectural/engineering practices engaged in robotic development, this issue of the Journal on Construction Robotics has a special focus on how the creative robotics research community brings new levels of innovation into the industries of architecture, engineering and construction.
Volume 4, issue 1-2, June 2020
Robotic systems are distinguished by their versatility. Like computers, they are suitable for a wide variety of tasks because they are “generic” and therefore not tailored to any particular application. As such, the “manual dexterity” of robots can be freely designed and programmed, and their manipulation skills can be customised to suit a specific intention. It is precisely this versatility that distinguishes robotic systems from other specialised machinery, unlocking new avenues of construction, and, at the same time, involving architects, civil and process engineers, and roboticists to collaborate and dissolving traditional disciplinary boundaries. In order to exploit this potential, not only a technical grasp of robotics, and, with that, an in-depth understanding of computation, materials and construction is required, but also supplementary pathways and platforms to exchange and to open new scientific frontiers.
This special issue facilitates this understanding by encouraging novel methods and applications in robotics, architecture and civil engineering. It ventures to take a look forward and gathers exceptional, rigorous approaches from the rapidly growing Robots in Architecture community. Specifically, it discusses a range of constructive topics that include, for example, novel material processes for robotic fabrication, including thermally tuned concrete panel printing, digitally controlled concrete injection processes, and the robotic manipulation of filament material in space. This is complemented by contributions that explore haptic programming techniques, and automatic sequence and motion planning methods. Moreover, the special issue also addresses the transfer of robotics to larger scales of construction.